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Plasmaspheric trough evolution under different conditions of subauroral ion drift
发布日期:2013-01-31 14:28:37    点击次数:10552        

ABSTRACT The statistical characteristics of the subauroral ion drift (SAID) in the ionosphere and the plasmaspheric trough evolution under different conditions of SAID were investigated in this paper, based on 566 SAID events observed by Akebono, Astrid-2, DE-2, and Freja satellites. The relationships between the latitudinal location of SAID and the Kp, AL, and Dst indices for these events were also discussed. It was found that the SAID events happened mainly at invariant latitude (ILAT) of 60.4° and magnetic local time (MLT) of 21.6 MLT and that 92.4% of the events happened when the Kp index was below 5.0, indicating a medium geomagnetic activity. The latitudinal half-width of SAID varied from 0.5° to 3.0° with a typical half-width of 1.0°. The SAID would happen at low latitudes if the geomagnetic activity was high. The effects of SAID on equatorial outer plasmasphere trough evolutions were studied with the dynamic global core plasma model (DGCPM) driven by the statistical results of SAID signatures. It was noted that locations, shapes and density of troughs vary with ILAT, MLT, latitudinal width, cross polar cap potential and lifetime of SAID events. The evolution of a trough is determined by the extent of SAID electric field penetrating into plasmasphere and not all SAID events can result in trough formations.

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